How are the process of learning in all its complexity and the claim of surplus thinking to be understood and described? Three pairs of conceptions are brought forward to high-light a general model for learning: - Feedback-feedforward - Habitus-reflection - Exuberance-toil
These conceptions are brought into a dynamic interaction which ends up in a general model of learning. The author claims that this model is both a minimalist model for learning and a matrix to investigate other learning conceptions. Both the first and the second topic are investigated in the book.